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UPSC Civil Services Mains 29th Sep 2018 General Studies-1/2 Exam Paper

UPSC Civil Services Mains 29th Sep 2018 General Studies-1/2 Exam Paper:

UPSC Civil Service Main 2018: Union Public Service Commission is going to conduct Civil Service Main Exam (General Studies-I, II) on the 29th Sep 2018. UPSC has scheduled the Paper-2 (GS-I) in Forenoon & Paper-3 (GS-II) in Afternoon session on 23 Exam Centres across the Country. Hereby we are providing the General Studies-1, 2 (29th September 2018) Exam Modal Papers/ Exam Syllabus, Best preparation skills/ General Studies Paper wise Syllabus to students preparing for GS Papers.

UPSC Civil Services Main GS Paper-I, II Papers 2018

UPSC Civil Services Mains 29th Sep 2018

Civil Service GS-I, II Exam 2018: The General Studies Paper-I (Consisting History, Geography & Social Work) & General Studies Paper-II (Polity, Governance, Society, Events, Policies etc are scheduled to be held on 29th September 2018. The aspirants preparing for the CS (Main GS) Examination are hereby informed about the detailed Paper wise Syllabus/ Schemes & contents of GS Papers.

UPSC Civil Services General Studies-1/2 Paper Analysis 2018

In this Article of CS Main (Paper-I, II) a motive is to provide insight into the General Studies (सामान्य अध्ययन) Papers & their contents through which the CS Exam 2018 preparing candidates shall get the profound idea about Main Exam bones. There may be many strategies to score high in exam. At this Stage after Essay Exam, it would be advisable to consolidate the GS Paper-I,II performances through given syllabus/ instructions/ strategies, tricks etc.    

UPSC MAINS General Studies-Paper-I (29.09.2018)

How to Improve Paper-I Score:

  • The real challenge in this paper is not its huge syllabus, but a poor understanding of the syllabus.
  • Once the syllabus of each part, viz; history, geography and social issues is decoded correctly, preparation gets smooth and easy.
  • In this article, the true nature of GS Paper I shall be explained  along with  reference to  books and other sources.

Out of the General Studies 4 papers in CS Mains General Studies (GS), GS Paper- I is the toughest one, accounting for almost one-third of the entire GS syllabus taken together. Due to the vast history and geography syllabus has been joined together in the GS-I paper. Besides, a whole range of social issues is also a part of the syllabus.

A list of important topics for IAS-2018 Examination is also given against each topic

HISTORY Sources of Studies
1. Revolt of 1857, tribal and peasant revolts

2. Socio-Religious movements, lower caste movements, trade union movements

3. Formation of the Congress and the Moderate Era

4. Rise of militant nationalism

5. Era of revolutionary terrorism

6. Home Rule League movement

7.Gandhian Era

8. Rise of Muslim League, its confrontation with Congress, rise of communalism, the road to Pakistan

9. British  economic policies: agriculture, industry, trade, drain of wealth phenomenon

10. British administrative structure: civil service, judiciary, decentralization, provincial autonomy

11. British educational and Press policies

12. Famous conspiracy cases:  Kakori, Kanpur, Alipur, Lahore conspiracy cases

13. Rise of left wing within and outside Congress: ideology and contribution

14. Role of capitalists, foreigners, and women in national movement

15. Constitutional developments during British Rule:


Text books:

1.Bipan Chandra’s NCERT as well as India’s struggle for independence.

2. R.C. Pradhan: Raj to Swaraj ( very important book which is not in knowledge of many  candidates),

3.A. R. Desai: Social background of Indian nationalism,

4. B. L Grover: Modern India

Reference books:

1. Nehru: Discovery of India.

2. Durga Dutt: India from Curzon to Nehru and after .

3. Gazetteer of India  Vol.

II  ( Publications Division , Govt  of India)

Post Independent India

1. Approaches to nation and state building in modern India.

2. Socialism as an economic and foreign policy doctrine, its characteristics and limitations

3.Strategies for development in agriculture and industry: Green revolution, industrial policies etc.

4.Developments in science and technology

5.Education in Modern India

6. Foreign policy and external engagements with the outside world

7. Major movements in post-independent India

8. Insurgency in independent India

9.Politics in independent India

10. Emergency and its impact on constitution and democracy


1. NCERT: Politics since independence

2. NCERT: Social change and development in India

3. Bipan Chandra: India since Independence

4. Paul R Brass: Politics in India since independence



1. Industrial Revolution and its ramifications

2. World Wars:  I and II

3. Colonisation and the process of decolonization

4. Ideologies : Capitalism, Socialism,  Communism

5. Revolutions : American, Russian, French revolutions


Recommended books on world history:

1. Arjun Dev and Indira  Arjun Dev : A History of the World

2. L. Mukherji:  A History of Europe

3. L. Mukherji:  A History of the world


For IAS-2018 exam, the following questions may be asked.

1. Account for the rise and fall of communism.

2. Why capitalism has triumphed in the post- cold war world

3. French revolution and its significance for the world. Napoleon’s contribution to a modern Europe.

4. Treaty of Versailles and Congress of Vienna

4. Redrawal of boundaries in the post-cold war period

5. Cuban missile crisis 

Expected geography topics for IAS-2018 Suggested Books
 1. Earthquakes 2. Drought  3.  Pollution: its types, causes , effects ,and steps. 4. Forest fires . 5. Water issues: groundwater management, aquifer mapping, river water disputes.6.Agriculture:  Irrigation,  national agriculture market, agriculture stress, GM crops. 7. National inland waterways development 8. Port led growth and creation of coastal economic zones. 9.Pulse production. 10. River interlinking and its implications.11. Solar energy and ISA. 12. Organic farming 13. Features of Paris climate deal  and  Kigali conference on HFC gases.13. El nino and La nina and their linkage with monsoons. 14. Blue economy: meaning and scope.  NCERT Geography books of 11th and 12th standard
In understanding social issues, one must note that these issues emerge from   institutionalized practices like patriarchy, gender discrimination, feudalism, caste hierarchies etc. Further, inequalities of various kinds in society account for a number of social problems in India.  All social issues need to be viewed from two perspectives. One,  from  the perspective of its root causes and two, the steps being taken to address the issue
NCERT Books on social issue

1.  Social Change and Development in India

2. Globalization and social Change

Previous Year Paper-

UPSC Civil Services Paper-1 Question Paper 2018


UPSC Civil Services General Studies-GS-II Paper – II (29.09.2018)


How to Improve Paper-II Score:

  • In polity, the main provisions relating to the executive, legislative and judicial branches are covered.
  • The most systematic preparation of polity involves understanding the basic spirit of the constitution, its colonial background, its  evolution since independence through various amendments and judicial interpretations,  its values, ethics, goals and ideals.
  • Priority should be given to the controversial areas like  Article 356, role of governor,   conflict  between executive and judiciary on judicial overreach, judicial appointments etc

The General Studies GS-II Paper (Scheduled on 29th Sept 2018 Afternoon Shift) will cover areas like: Polity,   Governance, Institutions, Policies, Programmes, Schemes of Government, Social Welfare Schemes, , Civil Society and NGOs, and finally, International Relations. Although there exists a vast potential to score decent marks in these papers, candidates complain of getting low marks in both  papers. One major reason for low marks in this paper is lack of appreciation of the true demands of the syllabus. Since most of the text books and reading materials are still structuring around the old pattern of examination, which was based on information and direct questions  from the syllabus.

Hereby we are providing the Relevant & effective pattern/ syllabus/ expected topics/ syllabus & modal papers hereupon.

Expected topics for IAS-2018 Suggested Books
1. Functioning of parliament:  Role of Rajya Sabha,  disruption of parliament,  misuse of money bill provisions in aadhar bill case

2. Governor: Controversies around the post, remedial steps with particular reference to Arunachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand, misuse of art. 356

3. Role of speaker in anti- defection law: issues and remedies

4. Judicial reforms:  delay in judicial appointments, executive vs. judiciary on MOP,   pending cases,   National Courts of Appeal, Cassation benches of supreme court, All India Judicial Services,

5. Federalism: cooperative and competitive federalism

6.  Elections: Simultaneous elections,   strengthening of election commission, electoral reforms

7. Budget: advancing of budget session, merger of railway budget with general budget

8. Citizenship: Citizenship amendment bill 2018  relating to minorities  from  Pakistan , Bangladesh and Afghanistan

9. Office of profit issue

10. Constitutional status of Delhi

11. Civil Services: Lateral entry and its viability

12. Uniform Civil Code

13. NHRC: strengthening the human rights watchdog

14. Dynastic politics in India

15. Sedition, defamation laws

16. Role of NGT, its recent activism

17. Inter –State River Water Disputes  and role of Supreme Court

18. RTI and political  parties , RTI and judiciary

19. Educational qualifications for PRI elections

20. Working of schedules V and VI of the constitution

21. Gender equality and Uniform Civil Code, Woman’ rights and religious freedoms

1. P.M.Bakshi: Constitution of India

2. B.K. Sharma: The Constitution of India

3. Granville Austin: The Constitution of India

4. M.P. Singh: Indian Federalism

5. M. P. Singh and Saxena: Indian Politics

6. Devesh Kapur and Pratap Bhanu Mehta: Public Institutions in India

7. Subhash Kashyap: Our Political System. Our Parliament. Our Constitution

Governance and institution related issues
1. CBFC film certification

2. Lodha Committee Report

3. Mental Health Bill and the issue of suicide

4. National Medical Commission Bill 2016

5. Juvenile Justice Amendment Act 2016

6. 10 years of MNREGA

7. Role of NGOs, self-help groups in development process


UPSC Civil Services Paper-2 Question Paper 2018


The candidates preparing for the Civil Services Main/ Interview Examinations are assisted to keep assuring for the All detailed Exam Syllabus/ scheme/ pattern & detailed content of Exam through visiting our website portal. 

Website of the UPSC Commission:


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